| View Park

View Park

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.8 km2 (1.9 mi2), all land.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 10,958 people, 4,539 households, and 3,041 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2,274.7/km2 (5,895.8/mi2). There were 4,738 housing units at an average density of 983.5/km2 (2,549.2/mi2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 87.98% African American, 5.37% White, 0.17% Native American, 1.11% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.15% from other races, and 4.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.71% of the population. The area had the highest percentage of African-American residents of any CDP in the Western United States.

There were 4,539 households out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 20.3% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $90,876, and the median income for a family was $100,124. Males had a median income of $56,461 versus $43,663 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $34,382. About 3.1% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

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History

View Park was developed in the 1920s as an upper-middle-class neighborhood akin to Cheviot Hills, Brentwood, Carthay Circle, and Studio City. Along with neighboring Ladera Heights and Baldwin Hills, it is one of the wealthiest African-American areas in the United States. It contains a superb collection of houses in the Spanish Colonial and Mediterranean styles, most of which remain today. Windsor Hills underwent development in the late 1930s; aimed at the middle class, it was the first subdivision in Southern California for which the newly created Federal Housing Administration provided mortgage insurance. African-Americans were forbidden residence in either area until the Supreme Court's invalidation of racial restrictive covenants in 1948.

Prior to the 1960s, the area was known as "Pill Hill" on account of the large number of doctors who were supposed to live there. After the arrival of Black families starting in the mid-1960s, the wealthy neighborhoods were sometimes called the "Golden Ghetto" or the "Black Beverly Hills."

Since the early 2000s, a number of white families have moved back to View Park and Windsor Hills, albeit to a considerably lesser degree than in Fox Hills and Ladera Heights.

Related Links

Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/View_Park-Windsor_Hills,_California

Crenshaw Baldwin Hills Plaza:
http://www.crenshawplaza.com/

Villiage Green:
http://villagegreenla.net/

http://laist.com/2007/08/17/baldwin_hills_los_angeles.php

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ladera_Heights,_California

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